Exodus 29:38-42 Now this is what you shall offer on the altar: two one year old lambs each day, continuously. The one lamb you shall offer in the morning and the other lamb you shall offer at twilight…
There are two sacrifices per day. One is in the morning and one is in the afternoon at twilight. The daily sacrifices (morning and evening) are to be given with a bread and wine offering (Exodus 29:40-42). The daily offering directions are restated in Numbers 28:1-8.
This sacrifice is to be done continuously or tamid in the Hebrew. Per Strong’s Concordance, tamid means: continuity, perpetuity, to stretch, continually, continuously (as adverb).
The book of Acts offers a clue as to the time of the evening sacrifice. Acts 3:1 Now Peter and John were going up to the temple at the ninth hour, the hour of prayer. To the Hebrew, the ninth hour of daylight is 3 p.m. in the afternoon. The hour of prayer was also the time of the afternoon sacrifice (Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews; Mishnah ; Philo of Alexandria).
For more detail regarding the timing of twilight, see the link below.
The Hebrew word for “morning” is boqer. Per Strong’s, it means: morning, break of day; of end of night; of coming of daylight; of coming of sunrise; of beginning of day; of bright joy after night of distress (fig.).
This is the same word on day one, in the beginning…Genesis 1:5 God called the light day, and the darkness He called night. And there was evening and there was morning, one day.
A specific time is not indicated in the Bible for the specific time of the morning sacrifice. Extra Biblical sources such as Josephus, Philo, and the Mishnah (oral teaching of the Mosaic Law) indicate the morning, daily sacrifice took place at the third hour of daylight or 9 a.m.
Moving forward roughly 1,500 years from Moses and the Law. The day is Nisan 14, 33 AD. Mark 15:25 It was the third hour when they crucified Him.
Mark 15:34, 37 At the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “ELOI, ELOI, LAMA SABACHTHANI?” which is translated, “MY GOD, MY GOD, WHY HAVE YOU FORSAKEN ME?” And Jesus uttered a loud cry, and breathed His last.
The crucifixion started at the third hour of daylight or 9 a.m. He died at the ninth hour of daylight or 3 p.m. These are the same times as the perpetual sacrifice as directed by God to Moses in Exodus 29 and Numbers 28.
While Christ was on the cross, the oral teachings (Mishnah) and prayers of the priests in the Temple focused on four topics: redemption, forgiveness, the coming of the Messiah, and the resurrection of the dead. The priests and people prayed these topics every day at the time of the morning and evening sacrifice.
The directions and ritual of the continual, daily sacrifice from the Mosaic Law scream, “JESUS”!
Jesus’ death on the cross is the perpetual and eternal sacrifice for all of time. Sin happens every day. Today in the church age, we commemorate His death by communion with the elements of bread and wine. His death is the tamid sacrifice for sin.
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