Acts 2:19-22 ‘AND I WILL GRANT WONDERS IN THE SKY ABOVE AND SIGNS ON THE EARTH BELOW, BLOOD, AND FIRE, AND VAPOR OF SMOKE. THE SUN WILL BE TURNED INTO DARKNESS AND THE MOON INTO BLOOD, BEFORE THE GREAT AND GLORIOUS DAY OF THE LORD SHALL COME. AND IT SHALL BE THAT EVERYONE WHO CALLS ON THE NAME OF THE LORD WILL BE SAVED.’
The context of these verses is the day of Pentecost after the death, burial, and resurrection of Christ. Pentecost is 49 days after the First Fruits or the resurrection. It is referred to as Shavuot in the Hebrew. Peter is quoting the prophet Joel 2:30-32a.
Acts 2:22 “Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know—
The Apostle Peter brings the definitive hammer when it comes to the timing of the year regarding the death, burial, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The year is 33 AD.
THE SUN WILL BE TURNED INTO DARKNESS… a solar eclipse.
AND THE MOON INTO BLOOD… a lunar eclipse.
The mathematical work of German Johannes Kepler’s allows us to map the exact location of the sun, moon, planets, and stars in time and space. Kepler developed the Laws of Planetary Motion.
THE SUN WILL BE TURNED INTO DARKNESS AND THE MOON INTO BLOOD…There is only year this could be. There was a solar eclipse on the Jewish New Year, spring equinox, Nisan 1, 33 AD. There was a lunar eclipse, a blood red moon hours after Jesus died on the cross. The moon rose in eclipse as viewed by the people of Jerusalem, Nisan 15, 33 AD.
Two Romanian astronomers, Mircea and Oproiu, used a computer program that checked astronomical data against Bible references. Their work confirmed the same date, Nisan 15 (April 3), 33 AD. See link for more detail.
Even NASA (an agency hardly friendly to the Bible) confirms this date in 33 AD.
Remember, Pilate was in office. Pontius Pilate was the prefect of Judaea from 26 to 36 AD.
Peter is reminding the audience. They ALL saw these events. There was no denying it.
Peter saw Jesus walk on water. Peter walked on water himself for a time (Matthew 14).
Peter saw Jesus, Moses, and Elijah in glorified bodies at the Transfiguration (Matthew 17).
Despite all of these events observed by Peter, the timing of the solar eclipse, and the blood moon, the words of the Bible are more reliable than your senses. It is Peter himself who makes the following statement below in his second epistle.
2 Peter 1:19 So we have the prophetic word made more sure, to which you do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts.
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