The third of God’s holidays is First Fruits or Reshit Katzir in the Hebrew. The directions for First Fruits are noted in Leviticus 23:9-14. The priest is to make a barley offering of the first portion of the harvest to the Lord. The priest intervenes of behalf of the people. The reality of the holiday for the people of Israel is this. The people bring their grain sheaf to the priest. They are to sacrifice a lamb without blemish. The offering is also to be presented with bread and wine.
The holiday begins on the day after the Sabbath or Sunday on our calendar. Jesus was raised on the first day of the week, Sunday. John 20:1 Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene came early to the tomb, while it was still dark, and saw the stone already taken away from the tomb. See also Matthew 28:1, Mark 16:1-2, and Luke 24:1.
The gospel accounts confirm the stone had been rolled away and open. The tomb was empty. Matthew 28:1-8, Mark 16:1-9, Luke 24:1-8.
Barley is the first grain harvest of the spring harvest. Jesus is the first fruits of the resurrection. 1 Corinthians 15:20-22 But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the first fruits of those who are asleep. For since by a man came death, by a man also came the resurrection of the dead. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive.
When looking at a Hebrew calendar, there are four possible years that have the spring holidays in a Friday (Jesus was crucified), Saturday (He was in the grave), Sunday (Christ was resurrected) sequence. These years are 30 AD, 33 AD, 36 AD, and 40 AD.
Luke 3:1 Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, when Pontius Pilate was governor of Judea, and Herod was tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip was tetrarch of the region of Ituraea and Trachonitis, and Lysanias was tetrarch of Abilene… The issue is Philip, Herod’s brother. Historians have Philip’s death at 34 AD. Jesus had to be crucified before 34 AD.
36 AD and 40 AD are omitted. These two possibilities would have the ministry of Jesus longer than 3 to 3 1/2 years as stated in Scripture. The dates would have the ministry lasting 6-10 years or more. These two dates would have Jesus over 40 years old. Jesus was about 30 years old when He started His ministry (Luke 3:23).
That leaves 30 AD and 33 AD. Before these dates, Jesus is too young to start His ministry.
The weekend of Nisan 14-16, 33 AD is the only possibility of a blood red lunar eclipse as verified by the Apostle Peter in Acts 2. THE SUN WILL BE TURNED INTO DARKNESS AND THE MOON INTO BLOOD…
Jesus was resurrected on the Feast of First Fruits, Nisan 16, 33 AD.
Because, He loved us…